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Historic milestones

May 2016

On 30 May 2016, Femern A/S signed conditional contracts with the two winning consortia for the four major civil works contracts. The four contracts cover dredging of a tunnel trench in the Fehmarnbelt, land reclamation of the coast of Lolland and Puttgarden, construction of temporary work harbours, building the tunnel element factory, immersion of tunnel elements to the seabed and construction of portals and ramps on the Danish and German side. Construction work can begin when the German construction permit is in place.

Read more about the contractors for the Fehmarnbelt tunnel here.

March 2016 

On 4 March 2016, the political parties behind the Fehmarnbelt link mandated Femern A/S to appoint the preferred bidders for the main tunnel contracts with the aim of entering conditional contracts no later than mid-May 2016. 

Conditional contracts mean that a final and binding contract will be signed with the successful contractors, but that construction work will be postponed until the German construction permit is in place. The contracts are valid until the end of 2019 with the option to renegotiate at that time. 

The wording of the document dated 4 March 2016 from the political parties behind the Fehmarnbelt project can be found here (in Danish)

See the preferred bidders for the main tunnel contracts here.   

February 2016

On 29 February, Femern A/S submits an update of the 11,000-page application for the plan approval in Germany to the independent approval authority in Kiel. The updated application replies to the about 3,000 objections and comments that has been put forward by the public, the authorities and organizations in 2014 and 2015. Thus, the original application from October 2013 has been further improved.

Read more about the approval process here. 

On 11 February, Femern A/S publishes "Financial analysis for the Fehmarnbelt project incl. Danish landworks, February 2016". The financial analysis for the Fehmarnbelt project is based on a comprehensive review of the key parts of the economics. It includes external quality assurances of the contracts, the risk, the German process and project reserves conducted by accounting and consulting firm, EY, as well as an external quality assurance of the traffic figures by consultants COWI for Denmark’s Ministry of Transport and Building. 

Financial analysis for the Fehmarnbelt project incl. Danish landworks.pdf
A summary can be found here.

EY report on the website of the Danish Ministry of Transport and Building


COWI report on the website of the Danish Ministry of Transport and Building

September 2015

On 15 September, Femern A/S receives the final and binding bids from the nine prequalified consortia on the four major civil works contracts for the tunnel.

April 2015

On 28 April 2015, the Danish Parliament adopts the proposed Construction Act for the fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt and the Danish landworks. The law becomes effective from 5 May 2015.

The Construction Act authorizes the state-owned companies, Femern A/S and A/S Femern Landanlæg to construct and operate a fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt and associated Danish landworks.

The Construction Act contains the final environmental approval of the project in Denmark.

Danish Construction Law (Danish)

Press release from the Danish Transport Ministry (Danish)

February 2015

On 25 February, the Minister of Transport, Magnus Heunicke, presents a draft bill on the construction and operation of the Fehmarnbelt tunnel with associated Danish land facilities to the Danish Parliament.

On 26 February, Germany and Denmark submit a joint application for EU grants for the construction phase of the Fehmarnbelt tunnel to the EU Commission.

Press release of the Danish Transport Ministry (Danish)

Draft bill for the Danish Construction Act
(Danish)

November 2014

On 28 November, the Construction Act for the Fehmarnbelt tunnel and the associated Danish road and rail connections is published for public consultation by the Minister for Transport, Magnus Heunicke. On the Danish side, the law intends to authorize Femern A/S and A/S Femern Landanlæg to build and operate an immersed tunnel beneath the Fehmarnbelt and the Danish road and rail connections.

At the same time, an addendum to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the fixed link (coast-to-coast) is published for public consultation. The public consultations for the Construction Act and the EIA addendum end on Monday, 5 January 2015.

The bill and the EIA addendum are published in Danish at www.hoeringsportalen.dk.

The EIA addendum with background reports can be accessed at vvmdokumentation.femern.dk.

September 2014

Seven major consortia are prequalified to tender for the Fehmarnbelt tunnel’s electrical and mechanical installations and for the installation of the electricity sub-station, which will supply the tunnel and trains. 

July 2014

For affected citizens, authorities and organisations, the deadline for submissions of suggestions and objections during the German plan approval procedure ends in July. The German plan approval authority, LBV Kiel, receives approximately 3,000 hearing responses.

The German application documents are available online via our website http://pfv.femern.com

May 2014

On 5 May The German approval authority in Schleswig-Holstein, LBV Kiel, initiates the public consultation for the 11,000-page plan approval application from Femern A/S.

The German application documents are available online via our website http://pfv.femern.com

Application documents on public display from today

October 2013

Femern A/S submits an 11,000-page application for the plan approval of the Fehmarnbelt tunnel in Germany. On 18 October, Claus F. Baunkjær, CEO, and Claus Dynesen, Project Director, from Femern A/S hand over the entire documentation to the German plan approval authority, the State Company for Road Construction and Transport of Schleswig-Holstein (LBV) in Kiel. Femern A/S prepared the documents together with the LBV’s branch office in Lübeck, which is responsible for the tunnel’s road section that runs on Germany territory.

Femern A/S submits German plan approval documents

September 2013

The Danish public consultation on the fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt based on the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) from Femern A/S ends on 20 September. Overall, Danish authorities, interest groups, companies and private citizens submit 42 responses.

The EIA is based on more than four years of extensive environmental investigations.

During the hearing period, the Danish Transport Ministry and Femern A/S hosted a public meeting on Lolland about the projects impact on environment, people and the local community. The meeting was attended by more than 200 citizens.  

42 responses after three-month public consultation in Denmark on the Fehmarnbelt link

August 2013

On 27 August more than 60 senior executives from the nine prequalified international consortia for the four main contracts meet with the management and contract managers of Femern A/S in Copenhagen. The meeting marks the start of the bidding process.

Nine international consortia attend first briefing with Femern A/S

June 2013

On 28 June, the Danish Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report for the fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt is published. The consultation period starts on the same day. Until 20 September, the public – citizens, authorities, NGOs and businesses – have the opportunity to submit ideas, suggestions and comments.

EIA report for a fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt submitted for public consultation

May 2013

Femern A/S prequalifies nine international construction consortia to bid on the four major construction contracts for the Fehmarnbelt tunnel. Thus, all consortia that applied proved strong enough to bid for the project.

Femern A/S prequalifies international contractors

Oktober 2012 

On 02 October, Femern A/S initiates the prequalification process for contracting companies for the four main contracts and thereby initiates the tender process for the constructions.

Tender processes for the Fehmarnbelt Tunnel

April 2012

Femern A/S publishes a revised time schedule for the tunnel project. The revision occurs because the process of getting such a large cross-border project approved in both Denmark and Germany have proven to be even more complex than previously thought.

Regulatory approvals need more time

August 2011

As a consequence of the decision taken in June 2011 to locate the tunnel production site in Rødbyhavn, Femern A/S prepares a revised construction estimate and timetable for the immersed tunnel.

Consolidated construction estimate, August 2011


Revised timetable for the Fehmarnbelt coast-to-coast project, August 2011

June 2011

The Danish political parties behind the project follow Femern A/S’ recommendation to locate the production site for the tunnel elements in Rødbyhavn on the Danish side. The selection of Rødbyhavn in an early stage of the planning is a consequence of a new requirement from the EU. It demands that all crucial parts of the project, including production facilities, must be included as an integrated part in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report for the entire project.

Femern A/S’ recommendation to the Minister for Transport on the selection of Rødbyhavn as the production site (Danish)

February 2011

The Danish political parties behind the project declare an immersed tunnel to be the preferred technical solution. The decision is based on a recommendation from Femern A/S from November 2010.

The preferred technical solution for the EIA process – the recommendation of Femern A/S

July 2009

On 10 July 2009, the German Bundesrat (second chamber) approves the act ratifying the 2008 German-Danish State Treaty.

June 2009

On 18 June, the German Bundestag adopts a law on the ratification of the German-Danish State Treaty.

March 2009

On 26 March, the Danish parliament adopts the planning legislation for the Fehmarnbelt link put forward by the Danish Minister of Transport, Lars Barfoed, and ratifies the State Treaty with Germany.

Act on Project Planning for a Fixed Link over the Fehmarn Belt, with Associated Land Facilities in Denmark

December 2008

The EU Commission decides to allocate DKK 1.5 billion to support the Fehmarnbelt project from 2007-2013 to undertake the necessary studies and preparations. The Fehmarnbelt link is designated as a key project to bring Scandinavia and Central Europe closer together.

September 2008

On 3 September, the Danish and German Ministers for Transport, Carina Christensen and Wolfgang Tiefensee, sign the State Treaty on the establishment of a fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt between the Danish island of Lolland and the German island of Fehmarn.

State Treaty between the Kingdom of Denmark and the Federal Republic of Germany on a fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt

June 2007

On 29 June, the Danish and German Ministers for Transport, Flemming Hansen and Wolfgang Tiefensee, sign a declaration of intent on establishing a fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt.

March 2005

In the wake of the celebrations for the 50th anniversary of the Bonn-Copenhagen Declarations, the Danish Prime Minister, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, and the German Chancellor, Gerhard Schröder, agree on an initiative for the construction of a fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt. They give a mandate to the transport ministries in both countries to develop financing models.

June 2004

The Danish Minister of Transport, Flemming Hansen, meets with his German counterpart, Manfred Stolpe, in Berlin. They sign a joint declaration, in which they state that they continue to work towards the realisation of a fixed link across the Fehmarnbelt.

January 1999

The Danish and the German Ministries of Transport present a feasibility study of, among other things, eight different proposals for the technical design of a Fehmarnbelt link and the economy of the project.

October 1992

The Danish Transport Minister, Kaj Ikast, and his German counterpart, Günther Krause, agree to initiate feasibility studies on a fixed link. The studies are carried out from 1995 to 1999.